zoom RSS ナイジェリア新法がエイズ対策とLGBTの人たちの人権に及ぼす影響をUNAIDSと世界基金が強く憂慮

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【ジュネーブ 2014年1 月14 日】 UNAIDSと世界エイズ・結核・マラリア対策基金は、ナイジェリアの新法により、レズビアン・ゲイ・バイセクシャル、トランスジェンダー(LGBT)の人たちへのHIVサービスへのアクセスが新法により厳しい影響を受けることに深刻な懸念を表明している。新法はLGBTの人たちや組織、活動、さらには彼らを支援する人たちを犯罪者として一段と厳しく扱うことになるからだ。



ナイジェリアのHIVの流行は2012年現在、国別にみると世界で二番目に大きい。国内のHIV陽性者は340 万人と推定されている。2010年の国内全体のHIV陽性率は推定4%だが、男性とセックスをする男性の間では17%となっている。




UNAIDS and the Global Fund express deep concern about the impact of a new law affecting the AIDS response and human rights of LGBT people in Nigeria

GENEVA, 14 January 2014—UNAIDS and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria express deep concern that access to HIV services for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people will be severely affected by a new law in Nigeria––further criminalizing LGBT people, organizations and activities as well as people who support them.

The new law could prevent access to essential HIV services for LGBT people who may be at high risk of HIV infection, undermining the success of the Presidential Comprehensive Response Plan for HIV/AIDS which was launched by President Goodluck Jonathan less than a year ago.

The health, development and human rights implications of the new law are potentially far-reaching. Homosexuality is already criminalized in Nigeria. The new law further criminalizes LGBT people, organizations and activities. The law states, “A person who registers, operates or participates in gay clubs, societies and organisation, or directly or indirectly makes public show of same sex amorous relationship in Nigeria commits an offence and is liable to conviction to a term of 10 years imprisonment.” The law also criminalizes any individuals or group of people who support “the registration, operation and sustenance of gay clubs, societies and organisations, processions or meetings in Nigeria.” The conviction is also 10 years imprisonment.

Nigeria has the second largest HIV epidemic globally––in 2012, there were an estimated 3.4 million people living with HIV in Nigeria. In 2010, national HIV prevalence in Nigeria was estimated at 4% among the general population and 17% among men who have sex with men.

The provisions of the law could lead to increased homophobia, discrimination, denial of HIV services and violence based on real or perceived sexual orientation and gender identity. It could also be used against organizations working to provide HIV prevention and treatment services to LGBT people.

In the 2011 United Nations Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS, all UN Member States committed to removing legal barriers and passing laws to protect populations vulnerable to HIV.

UNAIDS and the Global Fund call for an urgent review of the constitutionality of the law in light of the serious public health and human rights implications and urge Nigeria to put comprehensive measures in place to protect the ongoing delivery of HIV services to LGBT people in Nigeria without fear of arrest or other reprisals. UNAIDS and the Global Fund will continue to work with the Nigerian authorities and civil society organizations to ensure safe access to HIV services for all people in Nigeria.


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ナイジェリア新法がエイズ対策とLGBTの人たちの人権に及ぼす影響をUNAIDSと世界基金が強く憂慮 エイズ&ソサエティ研究会議・HATプロジェクト/BIGLOBEウェブリブログ
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